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This text deals with …
1) spoken languages.
2) the history of a country.
3) geography.
4) war history.
5) a famous person.
6) food.
A. The Republic of South Africa is the southernmost country in Africa. The area was originally occupied by an ethnic group of people called the Zulu who had migrated to the south from other parts of Africa over a thousand years ago. South Africa later became a Dutch colony and after that - a British colony. In 1961, the country gained independence from Britain and became a republic.
B. In 1948, the government classified the South African population into races and gave them different rights. This legal segregation known as apartheid ended in 1993 with the release of Nelson Mandela, an anti-apartheid revolutionary, after 27 years in prison. Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa.
C. The Boer Wars were a series of conflicts between the Dutch settlers of South Africa (the Boers) and the British colonists. After France invaded the Dutch Republic during the Napoleonic Wars, the British invaded South Africa and took control. This caused a lot of tension between the Dutch and British colonists and resulted in several wars of independence.
D. South Africa has 11 official languages including Zulu (the language of the Zulu tribes, native to the area), Afrikaans (a Germanic language that evolved from Dutch) and English. The three most spoken languages are Zulu, Xhosa (a native African Bantu language, notable for its use of click consonants) and Afrikaans, although English is recognized as the language of commerce and science.
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A.  - This text deals with 3) geography.

B. - This text deals with 2) the history of a country.

C.  - This text deals with 4) war history.

D.  - This text deals with 1) spoken languages.

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